Poker Articles

Poker Statistics: VPIP – the percentage of the hands played

VPIP (Voluntarily put money in pot, sometimes indicated as VP$IP) shows what percentage of hands is voluntarily played by the opponent during the pre – flop. This indicator includes all hands when the opponent enters with a call i.e. limp or call – raise, or raises himself. It does not include the game during the blinds since they are not bets made voluntarily.

For a tight – aggressive short stack player when the table is big this indicator should be within 8 to 12 %. Very tight players usually are considered the ones with VPIP less than 20 % and very loose players the ones with VPIP more than 40 %. In other words, the higher the percentage, the looser are players. In case you have VPIP less than 7 %, that means you play too careful and that will reduce your profit. If you play with a large stack, your VPIP should increase with about 5 %. If you play against 5 – 6 players, your VPIP should increase with 3 or 4 % as well.

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Statistics in poker

We start today a new series of short articles about one of the main topic concerning any poker game – statistics.

Using a game statistics in poker is one of the most important things in order to win. Statistics can be used in two ways: first, your own statistics is very important instrument in order to improve your own game, to analyze your own mistakes or successful moves; second, the statistics relative to your opponents is also important since it helps you to make right decisions.

Let’s see the main statistic indicators and how are they going to help you.

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Basic Draw Poker – Lesson #8: General conclusions

Ok, the lessons have finally ended and you probably have understood that playing poker is not that easy :-). But what have you really learnt from this brief course?

  • You can stay in the game in three cases only: If you believe that your combination is higher than the combinations of other players; if the pot odds are in your favor; if you have quite a big chance to improve your combination after drawing cards.
  • In most cases, you should open the game and respond to the bets of other players only when your chance to win is more than 50%. If you don’t have a pair or, better yet, 4 cards to a straight or flush, you need to fold without hesitation, your chances to beat the other players or to form a higher combination is minimal. Remember that in most cases, wins the conservative player, who is ready to lose some of the initial bets and enter the game with a strong hand.
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Basic Draw Poker – Lesson #7: How to analyze your opponents moves

Let’s see now what can tell you the possible replacements of your opponents.

If your opponent replaces 3 cards, most likely, he has one pair. You should take that into consideration when you make your next move but you should remember that your opponent can improve his hand (consider the probabilities).

If a player replaces 2 cards, he probably has three of a kind or a pair. Your decision in this case should be based on his style of play, how often he bluffed, what bets he placed, how much he won or lost in the previous hand.

If a player replaces one card only, that tells you that most likely he has two pairs, 4 to a straight, or 4 to a flush. Sometimes this replacement is made with three of a kind. A player with a pair or high cards can also make such a replacement.

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Basic Draw Poker – Lesson #6: Probability

The next important part of draw poker strategy is understanding the probability of drawing different combinations when you replace cards. It is unlikely that a thinking player will enter the game only with high cards hoping for more reliable combination after cards replacement. All probabilities are against that.
When you replace 4 cards and keep an ace, you can very often form a strong pair but in most cases wins the player who already has a pair. His chances to form higher combination like two pairs or four of a kind are equal to your chances to get a second ace, therefore, he has greater chances to beat you. Thus, your opponent is already one step ahead. From time to time you will be able to compensate that but in most cases you will be late. Comparison of the probability of any combination and the pot odds will give you the mathematical feasibility of your bets. In case you have 4 cards to a flush and the probability of forming it is 1 to 4, you can enter the game when the pot odds are more than 4 to 1. In such cases, theoretically, you are going to lose 4 times a bet and in one case you are going to win the pot (which will be more than 4 of your bets).

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